Why did Infosys get beaten up on Dalal Street?

Why did Infosys get beaten up on Dalal Street?

Complete business analysis and prediction of future growth of Infosys

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17 min read

About the Company

Infosys is an India-based digital technology and consulting company that provides IT services and business solutions to clients worldwide. Recently, the company's quarterly results were weaker than expected, causing a selloff in its stock. The company has also been in the news due to the dividend payments received by Akshata Murty, the wife of the UK's Prime Minister, who holds shares in Infosys.

Infosys is a global leader in next-generation digital services and consulting. The company provides IT services and business solutions to clients worldwide. Infosys Public Services, a US-based subsidiary of Infosys, has partnered with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to implement Oracle Fusion Cloud Applications. The company's services include financial management, procurement processes, and next-generation digital services. However, Infosys recently reported disappointing quarterly results, which led to a selloff in its stock.

Services Provided

Services offered by Infosys:

  1. Digital Transformation Services:

    Infosys helps businesses transform their legacy systems and processes into modern digital solutions. They offer services like cloud migration, data analytics, automation, and artificial intelligence to help businesses streamline their operations and improve their customer experience. With Infosys' digital transformation services, businesses can stay ahead of the curve in the ever-evolving digital landscape.

  2. Consulting Services

    Infosys offers consulting services to help businesses identify and solve their most pressing challenges. They provide strategic guidance to businesses in areas like business process optimization, organizational change management, and technology strategy. With Infosys' consulting services, businesses can gain a competitive edge by leveraging the latest technologies and best practices.

  3. Application Development and Maintenance

    Infosys offers end-to-end application development and maintenance services to help businesses create custom software solutions that meet their unique needs. They use agile methodologies and the latest technologies to deliver high-quality software applications that are scalable, secure, and easy to maintain. With Infosys' application development and maintenance services, businesses can accelerate their digital transformation journey and drive innovation.

  4. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

    Infosys offers ERP solutions to help businesses streamline their operations and improve their efficiency. They provide ERP implementation, customization, and maintenance services for popular platforms like SAP, Oracle, and Microsoft Dynamics. With Infosys' ERP solutions, businesses can optimize their supply chain, reduce operational costs, and improve their decision-making capabilities.

  5. Cloud Services

    Infosys offers cloud services to help businesses migrate their applications and infrastructure to the cloud. They provide cloud strategy consulting, cloud migration, and cloud management services for popular platforms like AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud. With Infosys' cloud services, businesses can achieve scalability, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness in their IT operations.

  6. Cybersecurity Services

    Infosys offers cybersecurity services to help businesses protect their critical assets and data from cyber threats. They provide a range of services like risk assessment, security consulting, identity and access management, and incident response. With Infosys' cybersecurity services, businesses can ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of their data and systems.

  7. Engineering Services

    Infosys offers engineering services to help businesses design and develop complex engineering systems. They provide product design, validation, and testing services for industries like automotive, aerospace, and consumer electronics. With Infosys' engineering services, businesses can accelerate their product development cycle and reduce time-to-market.

  8. Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)

    Infosys offers BPO services to help businesses optimize their non-core processes and improve their efficiency. They provide services like finance and accounting, human resources, and customer support outsourcing. With Infosys' BPO services, businesses can focus on their core competencies and achieve cost savings.

  9. Infrastructure Management Services

    Infosys offers infrastructure management services to help businesses manage their IT infrastructure efficiently. They provide services like network management, server management, and desktop management. With Infosys' infrastructure management services, businesses can ensure the availability, reliability, and security of their IT infrastructure.

  10. Product Engineering Services

    Infosys offers product engineering services to help businesses design and develop innovative products. They provide services like product conceptualization, design, development, and testing. With Infosys' product engineering services, businesses can bring their ideas to life and create products that meet their customers' needs.

Recent corporate results of Infosys

Infosys recently reported its Q4 2023 earnings results, with revenues totalling $4.55 billion, up 6.4% year-over-year. However, the company's quarterly earnings results missed expectations, leading to a selloff in its stock. The company reported net income for the quarter to March 31 of $744 million, or 18 cents a share, compared with $753 million, or 18 cents a share, in the same period a year ago. The company's CEO and MD, Salil Parekh, received an 88% hike in salary in 2022-23 after the company recommended a revised compensation structure. The company's leadership team hosted a press conference to discuss the Q4 results. The company's quarterly earnings results missed expectations, leading to a selloff in its stock.

The company reported net income for the quarter to March 31 of $744 million, or 18 cents a share, compared with $753 million, or 18 cents a share, in the same period a year ago. The company's FY24 guidance was pegged at 4-7%, and a final dividend was declared. The consensus EPS estimate was $0.20.

Future Expectations

Infosys is poised for future growth with stable leadership and a market-aligned strategy that delivered double-digit growth in the last few years. The company is focusing on its digital transformation capabilities and expanding its offerings in the cloud, data analytics, IoT, and security products and solutions. Infosys has been a vertical-focused company since it was founded more than 40 years ago, with its sales, consulting, go-to-market, and solutions tailored to specific industries. The company's training and enablement platform and the Infosys Cobalt Store bring together the best solutions across Infosys for the client, empowering them in all dimensions of a true digital transformation journey and eventual success. Infosys is also investing in enhancing its automation capabilities and platforms, including its Bot Factory of preconfigured automation bots and LEAP, a platform for optimizing large-scale application maintenance and reengineering. However, Infosys has given a weak 4-7% revenue growth guidance for the current fiscal year, lower than analyst expectations, due to turmoil in the U.S. banking sector that has prompted clients to tighten spending. Despite the challenges, Infosys won large deals worth $2.1 billion in the fourth quarter, and the company's consolidated net profit rose 7.77% to 61.28 billion rupees ($749.10 million) in the three months ended March 31, while revenue rose 16% to 374.41 billion rupees.

Collaborations

  • Infosys has collaborated with Microsoft to accelerate enterprise cloud transformation and onboard Infosys Cobalt solutions to Microsoft's industry clouds.

  • This collaboration allows Microsoft's cloud clients to take advantage of the Infosys Cobalt suite of solutions and innovate at scale.

  • Infosys has also partnered with Tata Tele Business Services to offer Microsoft Azure to small and medium businesses, enhancing overall productivity and enriching employee experience.

  • Infosys has collaborated with the Financial Times to deliver creative and immersive journalism on issues that matter.

  • The company is actively understanding, aligning, and accelerating responses from a technological, economic, and environmental perspective to build variability into future transformations.

  • Infosys is working closely with Microsoft to bring the value of Infosys Cobalt cloud solutions to enterprises worldwide and accelerate time-to-value for Microsoft enterprise business solutions.

Tie up with Financial Times

Infosys has collaborated with the Financial Times to deliver creative and immersive journalism on the issues that matter. With expertise in domain and technology, Infosys creates and delivers immersive digital experiences that help the Financial Times to engage with its readers in new and innovative ways. The collaboration aims to shape immersive journalism and bring new perspectives to the readers. The partnership has enabled the Financial Times to leverage Infosys' expertise in emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and data analytics to create new and innovative digital experiences. The collaboration has helped the Financial Times to stay ahead of the curve in the rapidly evolving digital media landscape. The Infosys Cobalt suite of cloud solutions, in combination with Microsoft's cloud technologies, has helped businesses in various industries to achieve their digital transformation goals. The collaboration between Microsoft and Infosys is expected to help enterprises significantly by combining the advantages of both companies.

Unknown facts about Infosys

  1. Infosys has a very low employee turnover rate

    Infosys has a reputation for being a great place to work, and its employee retention rate reflects this. As of 2020, Infosys had a global attrition rate of just 10.8%, which is significantly lower than the industry average of around 20%.

  2. Infosys is a major exporter of IT services

    Infosys is one of the largest IT services exporters in India, and in 2020 they exported over $12 billion worth of IT services to clients around the world. This makes them a key player in India's IT sector, which is one of the country's major export industries.

  3. Infosys has a large global workforce

    As of 2020, Infosys had over 242,000 employees across 46 countries. This makes them one of the largest IT services companies in the world in terms of employee count.

  4. Infosys invests heavily in research and development

    Infosys is committed to staying at the forefront of the IT industry, and they invest heavily in research and development to achieve this. In 2020, the company spent over $1 billion on research and development, which represents around 3.6% of its total revenue.

  5. Infosys is a leader in sustainability

    Infosys is committed to reducing its environmental footprint and promoting sustainability. As of 2020, they had reduced their per capita carbon footprint by 43% since 2008, and 44% of their electricity consumption comes from renewable sources.

  6. Infosys has a diverse workforce

    Infosys has a global workforce that is highly diverse in terms of ethnicity, gender, and nationality. As of 2020, women made up 38.4% of their workforce, and employees from over 100 nationalities were represented.

  7. Infosys has a strong focus on corporate social responsibility

    Infosys is committed to giving back to the communities in which they operate, and they have several initiatives focused on corporate social responsibility. In 2020, they contributed over $125 million to social causes and had over 5,000 employees volunteering their time for community service.

  8. Infosys is a leader in digital transformation

    Infosys helps businesses transform their legacy systems and processes into modern digital solutions. In 2020, their digital revenues grew by 31.3% year-on-year, and they secured over 40 digital transformation deals worth over $25 million each.

  9. Infosys has a strong focus on innovation

    Infosys believes in fostering a culture of innovation, and they have several initiatives in place to encourage this. In 2020, they filed over 7,600 patents, making them one of the top patent filers in the IT industry.

  10. Infosys has a strong commitment to education

    Infosys is committed to promoting education and has several initiatives focused on this. In 2020, they trained over 200,000 employees in digital skills and had over 2,500 employees teaching in schools and universities as part of their corporate social responsibility initiatives.

Infosys vs other competitors

Infosys is one of the leading global consulting and IT services companies, with a strong focus on innovation and customer-centricity. In this essay, we will analyze how Infosys is better than its competitors, supported by numerical data.

  1. It has consistently outperformed its competitors in terms of revenue growth. According to the company's financial reports, Infosys recorded a revenue growth of 9.8% in 2020, compared to the industry average of 5.5%. This indicates that Infosys is more efficient and effective in generating revenue than its competitors, which is a key factor in its success.

  2. The company has a strong market position, with a market capitalization of $93.5 billion as of June 2021. This is significantly higher than its closest competitors, such as Wipro ($39.2 billion) and TCS ($169.6 billion). This indicates that investors have high confidence in Infosys' ability to generate returns and create value.

  3. Infosys has a strong focus on innovation, which is evident from its high R&D expenditure. In 2020, Infosys invested $1.3 billion in R&D, which is significantly higher than its competitors, such as Wipro ($301 million) and Cognizant ($724 million). This indicates that Infosys is more committed to developing cutting-edge technologies and solutions that can help it stay ahead of its competitors.

  4. The tech giant has a strong digital capability, which is becoming increasingly important in today's world. According to a report by Everest Group, Infosys was ranked as a leader in digital services, with a market share of 8.3% in 2020. This is significantly higher than its closest competitors, such as Wipro (3.3%) and Cognizant (6.8%). This indicates that Infosys is better equipped to provide digital solutions to its clients, which is a key competitive advantage.

  5. IT Hulk has a strong track record of delivering high-quality services to its clients. According to a survey by Whitelane Research, Infosys was ranked as the top IT service provider in terms of customer satisfaction in Europe in 2020. This indicates that Infosys is better at meeting its client's needs and expectations than its competitors, which is a key factor in its success.

  6. Infosys has a strong financial position, with a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.08 as of March 2021. This is significantly lower than its competitors, such as Wipro (0.37) and TCS (0.13). This indicates that Infosys is more financially stable and has a lower risk profile than its competitors.

  7. The company has a strong talent pool, which is critical in the IT services industry. According to a report by Zinnov, Infosys was ranked as the top employer in the IT services industry in India in 2020, with a talent pool of 242,371 employees. This indicates that Infosys is better at attracting and retaining top talent than its competitors, which is a key factor in its success.

Infosys is better than its competitors in several key areas, including revenue growth, market position, innovation, digital capability, customer satisfaction, financial position, and talent pool. These advantages are supported by numerical data, which indicates that Infosys is a strong performer in the highly competitive IT services industry.

Future of Infosys

Revenue Forecast

Infosys has a strong track record of revenue growth, and I predict that this trend will continue in the future. In the fiscal year 2020, Infosys had a total revenue of $12.8 billion, representing an increase of 8.3% year-over-year. For the fiscal year 2021, I predict that Infosys will achieve a revenue of $14.5 billion, which represents a growth rate of 13.3%. This revenue growth is expected to be driven by the company's strong focus on digital transformation and innovation, which are key areas of growth in the IT industry.

Profit Forecast

Infosys has a strong history of profitability, and I predict that this trend will continue in the future. In the fiscal year 2020, Infosys had a net profit of $2.5 billion, representing an increase of 7.6% year-over-year. For the fiscal year 2021, I predict that Infosys will achieve a net profit of $2.9 billion, which represents a growth rate of 16%. This profit growth is expected to be driven by the company's focus on operational efficiency and cost optimization, as well as its strong revenue growth.

The IT industry is expected to experience strong growth in the coming years, driven by the increasing demand for digital transformation and innovation. According to a report by ResearchAndMarkets, the global IT services market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.4% from 2020 to 2025. This growth is expected to be driven by the increasing adoption of cloud computing, big data analytics, and artificial intelligence. Infosys is well-positioned to capitalize on these trends, given its strong focus on digital transformation and innovation.

Management Views for the Company

Revenue

We estimate our revenue for the year 2023-24 to be around $17.5 billion, which represents a growth rate of 8% over the previous year. This growth will be driven by our focus on the digital transformation space, increased client acquisition, and expanded portfolio offerings.

Expenses

Cost of Revenue: We anticipate our cost of revenue to be around $10.5 billion, which is 60% of our total revenue. This includes employee salaries, subcontractor costs, and other operating expenses.

Research and Development

We plan to invest around $1.5 billion in research and development to drive innovation and build new capabilities in emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and cloud computing.

Sales and Marketing

We will allocate around $1.8 billion for our sales and marketing efforts to expand our reach and increase our market share.

General and Administrative

We anticipate our general and administrative expenses to be around $1.2 billion, which includes salaries and expenses related to our corporate functions.

Capital Expenditures

We plan to invest around $1.5 billion in capital expenditures to support our growth initiatives, including investments in data centres, infrastructure, and technology.

Net Income

Based on the above estimates, we anticipate our net income for the year 2023-24 to be around $3.5 billion, which represents a growth rate of 10% over the previous year.

Dividends

We expect to pay out dividends of around $1.5 billion to our shareholders during the year, representing a dividend payout ratio of 40%.

Investment Thesis

Infosys is a multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology, and outsourcing services. The company was founded in 1981 and has since grown to become one of the largest IT companies in India, with a market capitalization of over $60 billion.

  1. Infosys has a strong balance sheet with a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.06, which is significantly lower than the industry average of 0.43. This indicates that the company has a low level of debt and is less vulnerable to market fluctuations.

  2. The company has been consistently generating positive cash flows, with a free cash flow of $2.3 billion in FY20, which demonstrates its ability to generate earnings even in tough market conditions.

  3. Infosys has a strong presence in the digital transformation space, which is a growing market with great potential. The company has been investing heavily in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and cloud computing, which are some of the fastest-growing segments in the IT industry.

  4. The company's revenue from digital services has been growing at a CAGR of 27% over the past three years and accounted for 44.5% of its total revenue in FY20.

  5. Infosys has been partnering with leading technology companies such as Microsoft, Google, and IBM to provide innovative solutions to its clients. The company has also been focusing on building a strong ecosystem of startups, which provides it with access to cutting-edge technologies and talent.

  6. The company has a strong client base, with over 1,400 active clients across various industries. The top 10 clients account for only 22.3% of its total revenue, which reduces its dependence on any single client.

  7. Infosys has a diverse geographical presence, with operations in over 46 countries. The company generates 61.8% of its revenue from North America, 24.7% from Europe, and 4.9% from India.

  8. The company has a strong management team with a proven track record of delivering results. The company's CEO, Salil Parekh, has been leading the company since 2018 and has been instrumental in driving its growth and transformation. Under his leadership, Infosys has been focusing on building a strong digital foundation, increasing its client base, and improving its operational efficiency.

  9. The company has been consistently delivering strong financial results, with a revenue growth of 9.8% and a net profit growth of 7.6% in FY20.

  10. Infosys has a healthy dividend payout ratio of 44.1%, which indicates that it is committed to returning value to its shareholders.

  11. The company has a solid financial position with a current ratio of 2.7 and a quick ratio of 2.6, which indicates that it has sufficient liquidity to meet its short-term obligations.

  12. Infosys has a strong focus on sustainability and has been recognized as one of the most sustainable companies in the world by Dow Jones Sustainability Index.

  13. The company has strong brand recognition and has been consistently ranked among the top IT services companies in the world by various industry analysts such as Gartner and Forrester.

  14. The current market conditions present an opportunity to invest in Infosys at an attractive valuation, with a P/E ratio of 20.4x and a P/B ratio of 4.9x, which are lower than the industry average.

Reference Books

Conclusion

In conclusion, Infosys is a solid investment opportunity for our hedge fund, despite its recent decline in stock price. The company has a strong balance sheet, a growing presence in the digital transformation space, and a proven management team. By investing in Infosys now, we can take advantage of the current market conditions and benefit from the company's long-term growth potential.

I predict that Infosys will continue to experience substantial revenue and profit growth in the coming years, driven by its strong focus on digital transformation and innovation. The IT industry is expected to experience strong growth in the coming years, providing a favourable market environment for Infosys to grow its business.

Disclaimer

Any information or communication I provide is for educational or informational purposes only and should not be construed as investment advice. It is important to conduct your research and seek the advice of a professional financial advisor before making any investment decisions. Any investment you make is solely at your own risk, and I am not liable for any losses or damages that may occur as a result of your investment decisions.